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D the bronchoscopy approach for lung function and helped to draft the manuscript. All authors study and approved the final manuscript. Acknowledgements We thank Robin Geyer for assistance with animal management, handling and tissue collection at the end from the animal experiments. None from the authors had distinct funding for this study. C. Samuel is supported by a National Wellness Health-related Analysis Council (NHMRC) of Australia Senior Research Fellowship (APP1041766). Chrishan Samuel is supported by a National Well being Medical Investigation Council (NHMRC) of Australia Senior Analysis Fellowship (APP1041766). Author information 1 Faculty of Veterinary and Agricultural Science, The University of Melbourne, Parkville, VIC, Australia. 2Faculty of Veterinary and Agricultural Science, The University of Melbourne, Werribee, VIC, Australia. 3Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, The University of Melbourne, Parkville, VIC, Australia. 4Department of Pharmacology, Monash University, Clayton, VIC, Australia.Organ et al. BMC Pulmonary Medicine (2015) 15:Page fnhum.2014.00074 14 ofReceived: eight April 2015 Accepted: six JulyReferences 1. Raghu G, Collard HR, Egan JJ, Martinez FJ, Behr J, Brown KK, et al. An official ATS/ERS/JRS/ALAT statement: idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis: evidence-based suggestions for diagnosis and management. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2011;183(6):788?24. doi:ten.1164/rccm.2009-040GL. two. Jr TE, Bradford WZ, Castro-Bernardini S, Fagan EA, Glaspole I, Glassberg MK, et al. A phase three trial of pirfenidone in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. N Engl J Med. 2014;370(22):2083?two. 3. Richeldi L, du RM, Raghu G. Efficacy and safety of nintedanib in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. …. J Med. 2014;370(22):2071?two. 4. Moore B, Lawson W, Oury T, Sisson T, Raghavendran K, Hogaboam C. Animal models of fibrotic lung illness. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol. 2013;49(2):167?9. doi:ten.1165/rcmb.2013-0094TR. 5. Chaudhary N, Schnapp A, Park J. Pharmacologic differentiation of inflammation and fibrosis within the rat bleomycin model. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2006;173(7):769?six. doi:ten.1164/rccm.200505-717OC. six. Izbicki G, Segel M, Christensen T, Conner M, Breuer R. Time course of bleomycin-induced lung fibrosis. Int J Exp Pathol. 2002;83(three):111?. doi:10.1046/j.1365-2613.2002.00220.x. 7. Peng R, Sridhar S, Tyagi G, Phillips JE, Garrido R, Harris P, et al. Bleomycin induces molecular alterations directly relevant to idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis: a model for “active” disease. PLoS One. 2013;8(four):e59348. doi:ten.1371/journal.pone.0059348. 8. Borzone G, Moreno R, Urrea R, Meneses M, Oyarz M, Lisboa C. Bleomycin-induced chronic lung damage does not resemble human idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2001;163(7): 1648?three. doi:ten.1164/ajrccm.163.7.2006132. 9. Moeller A, Ask K, Warburton D, Gauldie J, Kolb M. The bleomycin animal model: a useful tool to investigate treatment jir.2011.0103 selections for idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis? Int J Biochem Cell Biol. 2008;40(3):362?2. doi:10.1016/j.biocel.2007.08.011. 10. Scotton C, Hayes B, Alexander R, Datta A, Forty E, Mercer P, et al. Ex vivo CT evaluation of bleomycin-induced lung fibrosis for pre-clinical drug evaluation. Eur Respir J. 2013. Saroglitazar MagnesiumMedChemExpress Saroglitazar Magnesium Limjunyawong.